Tribal History


Colony Records, Deeds, &c., iii., 312
The New England Historical and genealogical Register
July 1856
(Saml. G. Drake, Esq. Sir, I am not aware that the accompanying Genealogy of Uncas has ever before been printed entire; it was, in October, 1692, upon Owaneco's request, allowed by the General Court to be recorded. De Forest, in his History of the Indians of Connecticut, p. 66, refers to it, but spells the Indian names quite differently from my reading of them, as will appear upon comparison.-C.J. Hoadly, State Library, Hatford, March 26, 1856.)
March 1679

The Genealogie and Lineage of Uncas Sachim of Monheag beginning at Tama-quawshad who was grandfather to the said Uncas his father, and so bringing it down to Uncas and his Sucessors, in which is also shewed his native right to such Lands with their respective boundaries as are hereafter mentioned.

The abovenamed Tamaquawshad had many relations which lived above Queenabaug River, and also up the Nipmuck Countrey who were never priveledged by Marriage into the Royall Stock, for the said Tamaquawshad had decreed to keep Royall blood within the Realm of the Moheags and Pequotts.

The great Granmother of said Uncas was a great Queen and lived at Moheag her name was Au-comp-pa-chauge-Sug-gunsh.

His mothers granfather was the Chief Sachim of the Pequot Countrey in his time and lived at Au-cum-bumsk in the heart of the Countrey and was named Nuck-quut-do-waus.

Uncas his Granfather was the sonne of Nukquut do waos above named and was chief Sachim of the Peqout Countrey and lived at Aukumbumsk abovenamed, and was named Woipequund.

His Granmother was the daughter of Weeroum the chief Sachim of the Narrangansetts and her mothers name was Kesh-ke-choo-Walt-ma-kunsh the chief Sachims Squaw of the Moheags.

And she was neece to Ahadon who was the sone of Nuckquutdowaus and she was sister to Aucomppachaug Suggunsh.

Uncas his father who was wholly of the Royall blood, his name was Owaneco, and he was the sonne of Woipequund, and the said Woipequund and Uncas his mother had both one mother before her was called by the same name, Tatobems fathers name was Wo-peg-worrit.

The said Uncas further declareth that about the time of his fathers decease his said father moved to Tatobem who was then the great Sachim of the Pequotts countrey for a match between his eldest sonne and said Tatobems daughter, the said Tatobem did really imbrace the motion abovesaid and gave his free consent. Alledging that by this conjunction they should keep their Lands entire from any violatio(n) either from neighboring or forreign Indians, but before the consumation of this match, the said eldest sonne died, and then by the determination of the Indian Councill both of the Pequotts and Moheegs, it was concluded and joyntly agreed, that Uncas the next brother to the deceased should proceed in the said Match, which thing Uncas accepted, and was married to her, about ten years before the Pequott warres, and had three children by her, two of which died Owaneco surviving.

Further the said Uncas doth declare, and looks upon it a thing, which may easily be proved from the contract of the great Sachims (viz), his father and the sachim of the Pequot Countrey upon the making of that match above specified, that his right to Pequott countrey was good and unquestionable who although she was of Pequott blood, she neither would nor did forsake him in time of the warre and also he himselfe though in such affinitie unto the said Pequitts yet his wife and he shewing their fidelitie unto the English, himselfe adventuring for their assit in that warre, that it would look hard to him by this unhappy warre to be deprived of his true and legall right to that countrey, which if it shall seem good to my good friends the English to my successors so farre as reason shall appear to maintain, it will without doubt be friendly though not a costlt requitall of my former or later adventuring myselfe in my own person with the lives of my Subjects for their assistance in offence of the enemies of my good friends the English I shall thankfully accept it from their hands.

Uncas also declares that his granmother and Momohoes great granmother were owne sisters, and that Cattuppessit by Usorquene and Mau-gau-wan-mett of Long Island are both derived of the lineage Nukquutdowaus, and being of the Royall blood he desires the English would respect them as such.